Ralph Hooper, C.P.O. and Frederick Reed, M.D. of Charleston, South Carolina, collaborated on the early development of a new sidebending orthosis for nocturnal wear. This new brace was first fabricated in 1978 in Charleston for treatment of idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. Originally, the new orthosis was used to treat patients in which other types of orthotic management had failed; patients who continued to show progressive curvatures, but whose skeletal maturity obviated full-time bracewear, and patients who had refused other treatment options. In these cases, time-modified bracewear seemed preferable to complete non-compliance, for obvious reasons.
In 1984 an investigational team was formed to study lateral bending time-modified bracewear. Team members included: Frederick Reed, M.D. of Charleston, South Carolina; Ralph Hooper, Jr. of Winter Park, Florida; Max F. Riddick, M.D. of Winter Park, Florida; and Charles T. Price, M.D. of Orlando, Florida.